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18th and 19th Centuries
A Historical Overview of Mental Illness Treatment

With prisons no longer being used, strange and violent contraptions were forced upon patients.

This is the Tranquilizing Chair developed by Benjamin Rush, an advocate for the humane treatment of the mentally ill. It was used to restrain patients for hours at a time.
A whirling chair was also utilized. Spinning the patient until loss of consciousness occured was thought to be beneficial because it rearranged the contents of the mind.

The confinement crib was used to restrain the mentally ill.
Bedlam sold admission tickets to the public.