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A Historical Overview of Mental Illness Treatment

At the turn of the century the direction of treatment dramatically improved.

At the turn of the century people received a better understanding of manic depression and schizophrenia and were able to treat it more effectively. Scientists began to examine the brain to reveal the mysteries surrounding mental illness.

Also at that time psychoanalysis, developed by Sigmund Freud, was gaining popularity. It "peered into the inner lives of patients", viewing their symptoms as personal stresses or social dysfunction originating from negative childhood events. The attempt to merge medical and psychoanalytical approaches would take years.